AMCON’s indebtedness to CBN may hit N7tr by 2024
Expectations that theAsset Management Corporation of Nigeria AMCON may bridge the debt gap between it and the Central Bank of Nigeria CBN before its sunset date appears bleak as the corporation’s indebtedness to the apex bank might hit over N7 trillion by 2024.
Recall that AMCON in 2010 on the heels of the global financial crisis that hit most banks including those in Nigeria and Federal Government’s banking reforms programme inherited over N181billion non-performing loan liability from the commercial banks through the CBN.
Current statistics show that the AMCON is indebted to the CBN to the tune of over N4trillion, which could rise to over N7trillion in the next four years (2024) given the current rate of inflation in the country, a development experts believe is not healthy for the fledging economy.
It was probably in the light of this that the President of the Court of Appeal, Justice Monica Dongban-Mensem made a strong case for synergy among other sister agencies, including those in the judiciary to enhance the recovery of some of these loans.
The administrator of the National Judicial Institute NJI, Justice R.P.I Bosimo, also tasked the judiciary on the need for speedy dispensation of cases involving the corporation and its recalcitrant obligors pending before the various courts.
The duo, who spoke at the just concluded two-day annual seminar for Justices of the Courts of Appeal, in Abuja at the weekend, however maintained that justice must be dispensed within the ambit of the law.
While welcoming participants to the seminar, Justice Bozimo who threw more light on the expectations of the judiciary, which she argued will enable AMCON to succeed said, “The role of the judiciary in the execution of AMCON’s mandate cannot be overemphasised. This is understandable considering that the distinguished bench is indispensable to the realisation of the enormous powers conferred on the corporation by the AMCON Act.
“It is through these interactions that the judiciary will be sensitised on the complex role AMCON plays at ensuring the sustenance of the financial system stability in Nigeria. The level of financial stability currently enjoyed in the country is solely attributable to the role played by AMCON in offloading toxic portfolios from the balance sheets of banks thus enabling the banks to perform their intermediating role in the macro-economy.”
According to her, viewing the peculiarities, uniqueness and the unconventional nature of the AMCON regime, it is evident that AMCON is bound to confront challenges and difficulties in its daily efforts to realise its mandate. Justice Bozimo added that it was in order to assuage these challenges that the NJI ensures that the judiciary especially the Judges are sensitised and provided with updates that have to do with the AMCON regime at all times.
Furthermore, she said, “AMCON intervention in the economy at the time it was set up by the Federal Government ensured the integrity of banks and saved their employees from sudden and untimely disengagement. In other words, with the establishment of AMCON, Nigerian banks were saved from imminent collapse and their employees secured from retrenchment.”
Meanwhile, the Appeal Court President, who also welcome participants to the event, also noted that the 2007-2009 global financial crisis had severe impact on the economies of many countries, including developing economies like Nigeria’s, which was why AMCON was set up.
She said that the corporation having made sure that the financial system in Nigeria did not collapse, now was the time for all sister agencies of government to ensure AMCON recovers its outstanding huge debt from its recalcitrant obligors who incidentally are exploring judicial technicalities to hold on.
She said: “Although Nigerian banks were restructured prior to the financial crisis through consolidation, the restructuring did not shield Nigerian banks from the effects of the crises. In fact, the crisis further exposed other lapses in the system that needed to be addressed in order to prevent total collapse. The Nigerian government responded by establishing AMCON to help in stimulating recovery of the Nigerian banking system through buying non-performing assets of troubled bank.
“Eight factors were primarily responsible for the crisis in Nigeria. They include macro-economic instability caused by large and sudden capital inflows, major failures in corporate governance in banks, lack of investor and consumer sophistication, inadequate disclosure and transparency about the financial position of banks, critical gaps in regulatory framework and regulations, uneven supervision and enforcement, unstructured governance and management processes at the CBN/and weaknesses in the business environment.”
Insisting that the judiciary must support AMCON to recover the debt, Justice Dongban-Mensem added, “In the wake of a financial crisis, banks found themselves saddled with plethora of defaulting loans. In addition to causing default, the crisis typically led to depreciation in the value of securities created against these defaulting loans thereby leaving banks with an unfortunate inability to recoup their losses. Having tied up large amount of capital in Non-Performing Loans, and having lost confidence in the ability of the borrowers to repay the debts, banks were unable and possibly unwilling to maintain the level of lending required maintaining a vibrant economy. This in turn led to higher interest rates and an inability to perform the bank’s basic function of financial intermediation i.e. the pooling of savings and lending for some interest rate returns.
“Sequel to the crisis and domestic events, the federal government of Nigeria through the operation of the CBN conceptualised the idea of establishing the Asset Management Corporation of Nigeria as an institution that will prevent the looming financial crisis in the country. Thus, the Corporation was constituted pursuant to the AMCON Act 2010, to prevent the systemic collapse of the Nigerian banking sector by the acquisition of -Non-Performing Loans (NPLs) and the recapitalisation of banks, which were imminent to fail.
“I wish to specifically acknowledge the zeal, passion and tenacity of the Chief Executive Officer of AMCON, Ahmed Kuru in constantly engaging the judiciary on the uniqueness of AMCON and the imperatives of the judiciary to appreciate the peculiarity. I wish to assure AMCON of our sustained support within the ambit of the law. It is compelling to acknowledge that AMCON ensured that the country has succeeded in escaping from the collapse of a bank, a run on a bank, or the need to withhold depositors’ funds. Accordingly, the corporation deserves the sustained support of all the arms of Government so that this monumental accomplishment will be insulated from fragmentation,” she also said.
Kuru, while speaking at the event, also reiterated the fact that AMCON, which presently has pilled-up legal issues in different courts with its obligors said non-collection of the debts, which is in the excess of N5trillion would have negative effect on the national resources.
He thanked the judiciary for sustaining the AMCON Task Force in the four divisions of the Court of Appeal to ensure a fast track of AMCON appeals. The AMCON CEO said no one can over flog the important role the judiciary plays in National Development meaning that the judiciary remains vital to the success of AMCON.